Nepal has witnessed accumulation of vast experiences and knowledge on disaster risk management since the promulgation of Natural Calamity Relief Act 1982. It has suffered and managed significantly large disaster events during this period specifically the 1988 earthquake of Eastern Nepal, the 1993 flood of South-Central Nepal and 2008 Koshi flood. The responses during all the major and moderate to minor disasters have helped in enhancing the understanding and capabilities for disaster risk management. Several institutions have emerged during the period and are continuously working in various aspects of disaster risk management creating very good cases, templates and replicable models. However, all such efforts, activities and capacities are still to be put into a comprehensive national framework to achieve maximum output and significantly lower the disaster risks of the country.
The existing gaps, problems and challenges have been identified during the recent national strategy formulation process. The draft National Strategy (NSDRM) has given a thorough review on the current activities and capacities and has provided a number of recommendations to improve disaster risk management in the country. The need for developing a comprehensive emergency response system is one of the major recommended strategic activities on the NSDRM.

The main objective of the National Workshop was to develop an outline of the emergency response framework for Nepal that included review of existing condition of emergency response system and capacities, lessons learned during major disaster events such as 1988 earthquake, 1993 flood, 2008 Koshi flood and international practices of emergency response system specifically of the countries similar to the context of Nepal such as Bangladesh, India, Philippines etc. The workshop was organized by NSET, Nepal and supported by ADRRN
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Pakistan's worst floods in 80 year

Pakistan's worst floods in 80 years have killed more than 1,600 people and affected up to 20 million - more than a tenth of the population. The United Nations estimates at least 8 million people need urgent assistance.
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In the morning of the rain, I was stranded in a tiny building along Commonwealth Avenue.I was there with my sister for a seminar that, like many other engagements that Saturday, would never materialize. I left the house early, thinking it was just one of those rainy mornings where some flooding might delay engagements, but otherwise nothing out of the ordinary
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